Veterynarna biotehnologija – Veterinary biotechnology, 2018, 32, 250-255 [in Ukrainian]. https://doi.org/10.31073/vet_biotech32(2)-30
I. Gorbachevsky Ternopil state medical university
THE RETROSPECTIVE ANALYSIS OF THE LEPTOSPIROSIS RATE IN TERNOPIL REGION
Introduction. At the present time, in Ukraine leptospirosis cases are registered in the territory of all regions of Ukraine and Autonomous republic of Crimea. A basic transmitters and source of leptospirosis are grey rats.
The goal of the work was to carry out a retrospective analysis of the leptospirosis rate in Ternopil region from 2014 to 2017.
Materials and methods. Specific indicators of leptospirosis in the Ternopil region from 2014 to 2017 were analyzed and summarized using information analysis and statistical method.
Results of research and discussion. Over the past 4 years, the situation has changed dramatically, the number of registered leptospirosis cases in 2014 was 35, which corresponds to a rate of 3.27 per 100 thousand population. During the last three years in territory of region there is a sharp decrease of leptospirosis rate. In the context of 100 thousand population, the incidence rate is as following: 2014 – 3.27, 2015 – 1.03, 2016 – 0.94, 2017 – 0.38. The source of Leptospira in nature is wild and domestic animals. Together with the territory, where they live, they form the natural, antropurgical and mixed sources of leptospirosis.
Conclusion and prospects for further research. Thus, during the last 4 years a significant reduction of leptospirosis rate in Ternopil was caused by a number of factors, namely: decrease of the intensity of livestock in the territory of the region, decrease of rodents number in houses due to active disinfestation, decrease of infectivity index in rodents and also by sanitary measures and awareness of the population about this disease. Perspective is the study of the significance of specific factors that led to such indicators of regional morbidity.
Keywords: leptospirosis, dynamics of morbidity, Ternopil region.