Veterynarna biotehnologija – Veterinary biotechnology, 2016, 28, 68-78 [in Ukrainian].
Experimental Station of Epizootology of the Institute of Veterinary Medicine of NAAS
Rivne Oblast Children's Hospital
POSSIBILE USE OF INSECTO-ACARICIDE FOR SANITATION OF LIVESTOCK BUILDINGS IN THE PRESENCE OF ANIMALS
Introduction. In livestock farms was found dozens of parasitic, zoophiles or synanthropic species, and hundreds of associated invertebrate fauna. Thus, there is a need to find effective and environmentally safe means for ectoparasite diseases control.
The goal of the work. Summarize our own and statistical data on parasitophaunа of the region. To prove the applicability of the combined preparation with biocide action for application on farms in the presence of livestock.
Materials and methods. Faunal material sampling (meat and milk) and tests conducted at the poultry and cattle farms of Volyn and Rivne oblasts. Objects of biological research were mites of Acariformes and Parasitiformes super orders.
Results of research and discussion. In the laboratory of Parasitological of the Research Station of Epizootology of the Institute of Veterinary Medicine of the NAAS designed and patented a comprehensive tool that combines the insects-acaricidal and bactericidal properties, has a long performance and easy to use, as applied in the presence of livestock. The active ingredients were organic compound with insecticide and acaricide action in the same dosage used in the composition of authorized medicines for animals’ external application. Organic solvent with a strong penetrating power and nonionic surfactants strengthened its permeability through chitinous covers of arthropods, and reduced toxic aerogenic properties due to the introduction in the polymer film of organic disinfectant.
Conclusions and prospects for further research. Data on the fauna of parasites in agrocenoses and adjacent natural ecosystems is fragmentary and unsystematic. Modern forms of management pose new challenges for applied parasitology. It is the development of integrated population monitoring schemes of potentially dangerous invertebrates and implementation of environmentally friendly means reducing risks of the infestations. One way is to implement methodological approaches to enthomosis and acariasis prevention that differentiated the biological and ecological features of parasites. We substantiated the possible designing of combined preparation with biocide action. The drug can be used for sanitation of livestock buildings during production cycles. Efficiency is achieved through the synergistic action of combined components.
Keywords: mites, agrocenoses, insectoacaricide, parasite, prevention, disinfection.