Bulletin "Veterinary biotechnology"

Veterynarna biotehnologija – Veterinary biotechnology, 2018, 32(1), 425-429 [in Ukrainian]. https://doi.org/10.31073/vet_biotech32(1)-56

STEGNIY B.T., e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.BEREZHNA N.V.e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.MAIBORODA O.V., e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.MUZYKA D.V.e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.RULA O.M.e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

National scientific center "Institute of Experimental and Clinical Veterinary Medicine"

DISTRIBUTION OF POULTRY CLOSTRIDIOSIS IN UKRAINE FROM 2013 TO 2017

Introduction. Clostridiosis of birds is a highly contagious poultry disease. This pathogen is contained in small numbers in the intestine of 75 to 95% birds. Also, soil, water, litter and feed may be sources of infection. Therefore, it is important to conduct constant monitoring pathogens of the genus Clostridium spp. among poultry and fodders.

Goal of the work. Conduct an analysis of the epizootic situation on the spread of poultry clostridia infection in poultry farms of various forms in Ukraine during 2013–2017.

Materials and methods. The research was conducted on the basis of the NSC "IECVM" in the period from 2013 to 2017. The materials for research were mixed fodder and its components, and biological material from birds. Results of research and discussion. Studies have been conducted over the past five years (2013–2017). Pathogens were isolated from pathological material and feeds sent from poultry farms of different types of property. The total prevalence of bacteria genus Clostridium spp. for 2013 – 2017 is 14.7 – 40%. In 2017, from all positive samples for clostridios, the largest percentage is poultry – 73%, fodder accounts for 11%, incubation materials – 10%, and litter – 6%.

Conclusions and prospects for further research. The total prevalence of bacteria genus Clostridium spp. for 2013–2017 is 14.7 – 40%. The dynamics of the incidence of the disease in birds during the last five years indicates an intensive development of the epizootic process of the bird’s clostridiosis. Prospects for further research: improvement of methods for diagnosis of poultry clostridiosis.

Keywords: poultry clostridiosis, Clostridium spp., agricultural poultry, epizootic situation.

REFERENCES

  1. Francisco, A.U., Songer, J.G., Prescott, J.F. & Popoff, M.R. (2016). Clostridial Diseases of Animals. New York: John Wiley & Sons.
  2. Zon, G.A. & Sorokova, V.V. (2009). Patoloho-anatomichnyi ta patomorfolohichnyi proiav khronichnoho perebihu nekrotychnoho enterytu u kurei [Pathologic-anatomical and pathomorphological manifestation of chronic flow of necrotic enteritis in chickens]. Visnyk Poltavskoi derzhavnoi ahrarnoi akademii – Bulletin of the Poltava State Agrarian Academy, 3, 133136. [in Ukrainian].
  3. Timbermont, L., Haesebrouck, F., Ducatelle, R. & Van Immerseel, F. (2011). Necrotic enteritis in broilers: an updated review on the pathogenesis. Avian Pathology, 40(4), 341–347.
  4. Shojadoost, B., Vince, A.R. & Prescott, J.F. (2012). The successful experimental induction of necrotic enteritis in chickens by Clostridium perfringens: a critical review. Veterinary Research, 43(1), 74.
  5. Hafez, H.M. (2011). Enteric diseases of poultry with special attention to Clostridium perfringens. Pak Vet J., 31(3), 175–184.
  6. Kolychev, N.M. & Gosmanov, R.G. (2003). Veterinarnaja mikrobiologija i immunologija [Veterinary microbiology and immunology]. (3rd ed.). M.: Kolos. [in Ukrainian].

Download full text in PDF