Bulletin "Veterinary biotechnology"

Veterynarna biotehnologija – Veterinary biotechnology, 2018, 32(1), 377-386 [in Ukrainian]. https://doi.org/10.31073/vet_biotech32(1)-50

KORNIIENKO L.e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., TSARENKO T., e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., BILYK S., e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.SAVCHENIUK M.e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Bila Tserkva National Agrarian University

ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANCE OF STREPTOCOCCUS PATHOGENS IN PIGLETS AND CALVES

Quick adaptation and evolution of bacteria continuously contributes to the emergence of new mechanisms of antibiotic resistance that challenges the surveillance program and threatens the treatment of infectious diseases in medicine and veterinary medicine. Antibiotic resistance is an extremely serious problem that must be solved. The latter causes significant economic damage to livestock, represent a threat to human health. Resistance to a specific antibiotic to determine the so-called R-plasmids. The pathogen causes significant streptococcus range of diseases in pigs and cattle. Clinically by streptococcosis in calves and piglets present with pneumonia, enteritis, arthritis, dermatitis, mangoesteen, endocardite, opt. The calves can be infected in postnatal development and in the womb. Differences in levels of resistance of microorganisms to antimicrobials was observed in different countries. A significant amount of antimicrobials used in veterinary medicine belong to the same classes of antimicrobials that are used in humane medicine. The use of antimicrobials in livestock leads to the formation of antibiotic resistance, transmission of resistant bacteria among animals, and also have the ability to pass those genes on sustainability together with the bacteria to people and animals synanthropy. Indiscriminate use of antibiotics has led to the development of resistance of streptococci to these medicines around the world. Proper use of antimicrobial drugs in the farms is essential to preserve the effectiveness of antibiotics used in veterinary medicine and medicine. To prevent and overcome the spread of antibiotic-resistance factor you need to configure the process appropriate use of antibacterial drugs.

Keywords: antibiotic resistance, streptococcosis, coping mechanisms, pathogen.

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