Bulletin "Veterinary biotechnology"

Veterynarna biotehnologija – Veterinary biotechnology, 2019, 35, 22-29 [in Ukrainian]. https://doi.org/10.31073/vet_biotech35-03

HALKA I.V., e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., MUZYKINA L.M., e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., MANDYGRA S.S., e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., CHEHUN A.I., e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., SYDORENKO T.V., e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.,

Institute of Veterinary Medicine NAAS

KRAVTSOVA O.L., e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

State Scientific and Research Institute of Laboratory Diagnostics and Veterinary and Sanitary Expertise

DISTRIBUTION OF ANIMAL AND POULTRY SALMONELLOSIS IN UKRAINE IN 2015–2018

Introduction. Salmonellosis is a zoonotic infection caused by bacteria of the genus Salmonella. It is one of the most common foodborne diseases. The number of salmonellosis cases continues to be significant in all countries of the world.

The goal of the work was to study the distribution of Salmonella among animals and poultry in Ukraine in 2015–2018.

Materials and methods. Data of official veterinary statistics regarding results of bacteriological studies of pathological and biological material from animals and poultry, foodstuffs and raw materials of animal origin for salmonellosis.

Results of research and discussion. 865 cases of Salmonella detection were registered in Ukraine in 2015–2018. In 635 cases (73,4%) Salmonella was isolated from pathological and biological material from animals and poultry and in 230 cases (26,6%) – from foodstuffs and raw materials of animal origin. The largest number of cases were recorded in the East (Luhansk region – 165 cases, Sumy – 99, Donetsk – 72, Kharkiv – 52) and the Center of Ukraine (Cherkasy region – 72 cases, Kropyvnytskyi – 64). There was no registered cases of Salmonella isolation in Zakarpattia and Chernivtsi regions. During last 4 years the number of cases of Salmonella detection in animal and poultry pathological and biological materials decrised more than twice (from 239 cases to 111), but in food and raw materials of animal origin it increased by four times (from 30 cases to 121). Among the Salmonella serovars S. typhimurium (21.5%), S. enteritidis (13.7%), S. gallinarum (10.2%), S. pullorum (9.6%), S. gallinarum-pullorum (7.9%) and S. choleraesuis (7.3%) were prevalent in animal and poultry pathological and biological materials and S. enteritidis (18.3%), S. infantis (9.3%) and S. typhimurium (4.9%) – in food and raw materials of animal origin.

Conclusion and prospects for future research. In 2015–2018 only 865 cases of Salmonella isolation were registered in all regions of Ukraine, except Zakarpattia and Chernivtsi. Most often, the pathogen of salmonellosis were isolated from pathological material, meat, minced meat and poultry by-products. Among the Salmonella serovars S. typhimurium, S. enteritidis, S. gallinarum, S. pullorum, S. gallinarum-pullorum, S. cholerasuis and S. infantis were prevalent in Ukraine.

Keywords: salmonellosis, Salmonella, distribution.

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