Bulletin "Veterinary biotechnology"

Veterynarna biotehnologija – Veterinary biotechnology, 2019, 35, 45-53 [in Ukrainian]. https://doi.org/10.31073/vet_biotech35-06

ZHOVNIR O.M., e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., ANDRIIASHCHUK V.O., e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., HARKAVENKO T.O.1, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., UKHOVSKA T.M., e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., MINTSIUK Ye.P., e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., TIUTIUN S.M., e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Institute of Veterinary Medicine NAAS

1State Scientific and Research Institute of Laboratory Diagnostics and Veterinary and Sanitary Expertise

MONITORING OF INFECTIOUS DISEASES IN UKRAINE

Introduction. Improvement of the quality and safety of livestock products is the important part of the agrarian sector development. In the modern world epizootic situation on zoonosis, caused by both aerobic and anaerobic bacteria, changes because of the influence of external and internal negative factors. This leads to the emergence of new biological threats to humans through contact with sick animals and contaminated livestock products. This article presents the results of monitoring of animals bacterial diseases such as colibacteriosis, tuberculosis, staphylococcosis, streptococcosis, pseudomonosis, edema, infectious enterotoxemia, etc.

The goal of the work was to conduct monitoring of bacteriological animal infections in farms in Ukraine in 2014-2018.

Materials and methods. Studies were conducted in the V.P. Ryzhenko laboratory of anaerobic infections of the IVM NAAS. Analysis of monitoring results on infectious diseases in Ukrainian farms in 2014-2018 was carried out using official statistical data of state institutions of veterinary medicine and own bacteriological studies of the biomaterials of dead animals from farms of different regions of the country.

Results of research and discussion. According to the reveled results, the most frequently diagnosed diseases in cattle were colibacteriosis – 53,3%, staphylococcosis – 7,8% and tuberculosis – 13,1%. The most widely spread bacterial diseases in pigs were colibacteriosis – 37,5% of all cases and edema – 20,1%. Conclusion and prospect future research: Bacteriological monitoring of cattle diseases showed that during 2014-2018 colibacteriosis was confirmed in 53,3% cases; tuberculosis – 13,1%; staphylococcosis – 7,8%, streptococcosis – 4,3%, pseudomonosis – 3,5% cases. Among infectious pathologies of pigs rate of colibacteriosis was 37,5% cases, edema –22,1%, erysipelas – 10,0%, anaerobic dysentery – 13,3%, pasteurellosis – 6,0%, salmonellosis – 4,8%, infectious enterotoxemia – 3,2% and streptococcosis – 2,3%. Analysis of the monitoring of animals infectious diseases of bacterial etiology will continue to improve planning of researches and timely development of proposals of the laboratory.

Keywords: monitoring, infectious diseases, aerobic and anaerobic microorganisms.

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