Veterynarna biotehnologija – Veterinary biotechnology, 2020, 36, 34-47 [in Ukrainian]. https://doi.org/10.31073/vet_biotech36-03
Odessa State Agrarian University
THE INFLUENCE OF FEED ADDITIVES FROM MARINE HYDROBIONTS ON A QUALITY INDICATORS OF CHICKEN BROILER MEAT
Introduction. A possible enrichment source for farm poultry diets can be marine hydrobionts: sea mussels and seaweed. They are rich in nutrients and biologically active substances that traditional feeds don't contain or contain in a small quantity. Their use is a promising measure in terms of improving the eggs and meat quality, the feed use efficiency as well.
The goal of the work. Determine the chemical composition of broiler chicken breast meat when using feed additives to basic diet, made from marine hydrobionts.
Materials and methods. The experiments were performed on broiler chickens of "Ross 308" cross. Chickens of the experimental groups (D-I, D-II, D-III and D-IV) in addition to the basic diet (BD) were fed 2 feed additives: mineral (MFA) and protein-mineral (PMFA). The MFA contained milled mussel valves and seawater, PMFA were made of milled big mussels' valves, small mussels' bodies, red seaweed and seawater. Chickens of the D-I and D-II groups were fed MFA, D-III and D-IV consumed PMFA. For the chickens of D-I and D-III groups by 7% of the BD mass was replaced by MFA and PMFA, respectively. For chickens of the D-II and D-IV groups to BD were added MFA and PMFA by 7% of the BD mass respectively. Meat quality was determined by the content of dry substance, protein, fat, amino acids tryptophan and oxyproline in the breast muscle (m. pectoralis major).
Results of research and discussion. PMFA feeding to the broiler chickens in addition to BD contributed to a significant increase of dry substance by 1.8% in a minced meat, in its composition the protein was higher by 7.5%, tryptophan equaled 41.9%, protein quality index by 36,4%. Feeding a PMFA to broiler chickens' diet by replacing 7% of the diet weigh had less impact on the quality of minced meat compared to feed enrichment. Compared to a PMFA use to broiler chickens, the feeding MFA did not establish a reliable change in the quality of milled meat from superficial breast muscle.
Conclusion and prospects for further research. We consider prospective studies of the feed additives influence, made of marine hydrobionts on the other indicators of meat quality, including the content of heavy metals, as well as other muscle groups of broiler chickens.
Keywords: chickens, hydrobionts, meat, chemical composition, feed additives.
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