Bulletin "Veterinary biotechnology"

Veterynarna biotehnologija – Veterinary biotechnology, 2021, 39, 18-28 [in Ukrainian]. https://doi.org/10.31073/vet_biotech39-02

BOIKO P.K.1, е-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., NYCHYK S.A.1, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., BOIKO O.P.2, е-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., TYTIUK O.V.2, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., SHEVCHUK V.M., е-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

1Інститут ветеринарної медицини НААН
2Волинський національний університет імені Лесі Українки


Introduction. Ukrainian livestock (cattle) possesses tuberculosis free status currently. However, allergically positive animals are still detected in around 180-250 tuberculosis-free farms each year. In our former study it was indicated the fact of infection with the atypical acid-resistant mycobacteria of cattle herd in a certain farm with tuberculosis-free status in Volyn oblast.

The goal of the work. Our purpose was to study peculiarities of the infectious and epizootic process caused by atypical acid resistant mycobacteria in a certain farm with tuberculosis-free status and to use some tools of epidemic and epizootic prognosis.

Materials and methods. The epizootological, allergic, clinical, pathological, histological, bacteriological and biological research methods were used.

Results of research and discussion. The results of the study showed that the false-positive tuberculin skin tests or pseudo-allergic reactions on PPD in cows was the extended asymptomatic infectious process, caused by atypical mycobacteria. This thesis was confirmed bacteriologically. M. fortuitum and M. scrofulaceum were identified from the lymph nodes of animals with of positive tuberculin skin test.

Based on the results of the study, a comprehensive approach system of measures was developed to prevent slaughtering of cows and the economic losses.

Conclusions and prospects for further research: The fact of active mycobacteriosis epizootic process in a cattle farm has been detected and confirmed.

Keywords: mycobacteriosis, cattle, tuberculin, allergic reactions, atypical acid-resistant mycobacteria, epidemic and epizootic process.


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